Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease

There are many reasons why cardiovascular disease happens. These are called risk factors. They are the “red flags” that may indicate you have an increased risk of heart attack or stroke.

  • Personal or family history of cardiovascular disease
  • Personal or family history of heart attack, stroke, or Type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Elevated cholesterol
  • Nicotine use in any form (including second hand smoke)
  • Psychosocial issues such as depression, anxiety, or stress
  • High blood pressure
  • Abdominal obesity
  • Sleep problems (not enough sleep, sleep apnea)
  • Age (men over 40 and women over 50)
  • Gum disease
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Psoriasis
  • Migraine headaches
  • Gout
  • Polycystic ovaries
  • Hirsutism (facial hair growth in women)
  • Hispanic or African-American descent
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Breast cancer treatment